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Facts and Statistics

Location: The Middle East, bordering Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km

Capital: Riyadh

Climate: harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes

Area: 2,149,690 km2 , Water (%): negligible

Population:28,686,633 (2009 estimate)

Ethnic Make-up: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions: Muslims 100%

Government: Monarchy

King: Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz

Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)

Drives on the: Right

Calling code : 966


Language in Saudi Arabia


Arabic is the official language of Saudi Arabia, but English is widely spoken. It is used in business and is a compulsory second language in schools. Among the non-Saudi population, many people speak Urdu, the official language of Pakistan, and other Asian languages such as Farsi and Turkish

Arabic is spoken by almost 200 million people in more than 22 countries. It is the language of the Qur'an, the Holy Book of Islam, and of Arab poetry and literature. While spoken Arabic varies from country to country, classical Arabic has remained unchanged for centuries. In Saudi, there are differences between the dialects spoken in urban areas and those spoken in rural areas.

Emirates of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 emirates. The emirates are further divided into governorates.

Emirate Capital

Al Bahah

Al Bahah city

Northern Border

Arar

Al Jawf

Al Jawf city

Al Madinah

Medina

Al Qasim

Buraidah

Ha'il

Ha'il city

Asir

Abha

Eastern Province

Dammam

Al Riyadh

Riyadh city

Tabuk

Tabuk city

Najran

Najran city

Makkah

Mecca

Jizan

Jizan city

 

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  Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia